What is the best Ubuntu version for developers ?
If you are a developer and want to develop on Linux for Android or Web or Linux, you need a stable performant version of Ubuntu.
Stability and Updates
Ubuntu has two main versions according to updating and upgrading; Long-term support (LTS) version and yearly upgrade version.
Long-Term Support (LTS) Ubuntu
Ubuntu LTS is the version of operating system that is supported for 5 years of bug fixes and security fixes updates. This version always named Ubuntu xx.04 LTS for example Ubuntu 22.04 LTS which means the long-term support version of Ubuntu OS which released in 2022 in April (04) month.
Yearly Upgrade Ubuntu
This version is always named Ubuntu 22.10 which means the yearly Ubuntu upgrade version of year 2022 which released in October (10). This version has a year of support for error fixing and security issues updates.
Yearly version or LTS ?
It is LTS for sure. I recommend LTS versions of Ubuntu for developers because it maintains stability and security of your operating system. So you can focus on the projects you create and develop.
Desktop Environment (DE) — in simple terms — is the graphics you see and interact with on your operating system. There are GNOME, KDE Plasma, Pantheon, COSMIS Desktop, Cinnamon .. and too many others.
This is HUUUUUUUUUUUGE !
There is no clear recommended desktop environment (DE) for Ubuntu users or developers. It is massively diverse. But I personally recommend GNOME DE as it is more stable and reliable than other desktop envs.
I recommend the main version of Ubuntu LTS, which is Ubuntu LTS with GNOME desktop. After getting that, focus more on needed tools to get your job done such as installing Android Studio if you develop Android apps in Kotlin, Java or Dart (Flutter).